Como jogar black jack
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Learn How to Play Blackjack
Step by Step Guide to Playing Blackjack
The objective of blackjack is commonly understood to get a hand as close to 21 as possible. In reality, the aim of the game is to beat the dealer's hand without going over 21. It's a small distinction but an important one, because sometimes players can win by staying on a hand that feels lower than ideal. Let's take a look at how to play blackjack step by step, and how hands may unfold at a typical online table.
Choose the variation of blackjack you want to play and find a table
Place your desired bet, or use Rebet to duplicate your previous bet
Select Deal and look at the cards dealt to you and the dealer
Use basic strategy, and/or your gut instincts, to figure out your next move
Once you are happy with your hand, stand to close out your turn
Watch for the outcome as the dealer plays out their hand
Take your winnings and run or repeat this process to play another round
Blackjack Tutorial Video
How to Play Blackjack for Beginners
Hello, I'm the blackjack innovator and in this exclusive video for OnlineGambling I will be discussing the basics of the casino game blackjack.
This is a video designed for beginners and I will be providing you will all the information that you will need to be able to sit at any online or even live casino blackjack table.
Whether you're sitting at any online or live casino blackjack table, both can be very intimidating, it can have you skipping this otherwise very rewarding and profitable game. I want to make sure that that has not happened to you.
Now blackjack, otherwise known as 21, is a game that's played with 1 or even up to 8 decks of cards. The object of the game is for the player to get closer to 21 then the dealer, without going over. If you do go over, that's called the bust and you will lose your hand immediately. You don't want to do that but its okay, it happens to the best of us. Its just part of the game.
Now first, I want to cover deck composition, but were going to take a look at the point value of each card in a single deck of cards.
There are 13 different types of cards in a single deck of cards.
Here you have the 2 through to 10, Jack, Queen, King and Ace. There are four suits in each deck you have Spades, Clubs, Diamonds and Hearts.
Now let's take a look at the point value for each card.
2 through 10 are equal to their face value, a three would a three. Jack, Queen and King are all equal to 10, an ace is special, an ace can be a 1 or it can be an 11. Whichever is best for your hand.
A soft hand is any hand that includes an ace. Here we have an ace and a 7, this could ether be considered an 8 or an 18, whichever is better for you hand.
A hard hand, would be any hand, not including an ace. Here we have a 10 and a 7, that's simply 17.
Now that you understand the point values of each card, I will be discussing general game play, in doing this we have to ignore betting, I'll be covering two of the player options here:
That is the ‘hit', the hit is when the player requests an additional card to his hand and I'll also be discussing the ‘stay', the stay is when the player refuses any additional cards because he is satisfied with his hand.
The dealer will deal the cards, dealing the player one card up, himself one card down, the player his second card up and then dealing himself the second card and only flipping over one of his two cards, its important to know that as a player you only have the ability to see one of the dealers two cards.
It's now the players option whether he wants to hit or stay, the player takes a hit, the player has a 20, the player stays, he doesn't want any more cards, its now for the dealer to flip over his card and the dealer has 13, now we discuss what the dealer has to draw to, a dealer must always draw to at least 17, so the dealer will draw a card, dealer has 19, player has 20, the dealer has 19, player wins.
So, what happens when the player and the dealer both have the same point value hand? This is called the push, in this situation neither the dealer nor the player will win. Everybody breaks even.
So, the games called blackjack, but what is blackjack? Well blackjack is when the player or the dealer gets 21 on their initial two cards, this is an exciting hand because it guarantees a win for the player given the dealer does not have blackjack also.
This is a major advantage for the player because blackjack pays out a higher odds, then any other winning hand. I will discuss the odds later in table rules.
Now let's discuss some additional options. In order to do this, we will consider when a player places a bet, these options are splitting, doubling down, surrender and insurance.
These options are at the players discretion to use to either improve their hand or their profits and they can only be taken after the dealer has dealt the first two cards and the player uses it as an initial request. Let's take a look at those.
Splitting occurs when a player has two cards of the same point value, here the player has two 8's, the player will option to split, in doing so he has to double his wager and he will now play these as two separate hands. Player has an 18, player stays, player has another 18, player stays. Dealer has a 17, the player will win both of these hands, paying two chips, which was his initial bet to each hand he was able to double his profits.
Doubling down as another player option. The player will place an additional bet up to a max bet of their initial bet and request the double down. Here the player requests the double down, he will only receive one card and that will compete his play. That's now the dealers turn, it's good to note that this option is best utilized if the player feels he can improve their hand with only one additional card and possibly double their profit. The dealer has 19, the player has 21, the player was able to double their profits here.
Surrender is not always an option at the table and I later talk about this in the table rules. If this option is available a player may surrender their hand, sacrificing half of their initial bet, this is often used if the player feels they have no chance of winning the hand and relinquishes half of their bet to escape risking losing their entire bet. Here the player has 16, the dealer has an up card 10, the player wants to sacrifice his bet, he will be eliminated.
Insurance can be a very confusing option, so be patient and follow me here. Insurance is just a way for the player to protect his hand of when the dealer potentially has blackjack. Let's take a look at that. If the dealers up card is an ace, the player will have the option to take insurance. Here the player has a 20 and he's going to opt to take insurance, he's going to go ahead and put in half of his initial wager in the insurance section on the table and in doing so the dealer must check to see if he has blackjack. The dealer does have blackjack, the player loses his initial bet, but it paid at 2-1 odds on his insurance bet. He virtually breaks even here. Here's an example of when the player decides not to take insurance, the player has a 14, the dealer has an up ace card, his going to offer insurance, the player is going to decline his insurance, the dealer will check and he does not have blackjack so now play will resume for the player, the player options to hit, player has a 19, player stays, dealer has a 20, the player still loses his initial wager.
Ultimately if the player did decide to take insurance here and the dealer does not have blackjack, the player would lose his insurance bet and then play would resume as normal with the players initial bet.
Table rules, often referred to as table conditions, are like rules of the table, they're going to be displayed either on the tabletop or somewhere on a sign next to you. I'm going to discuss a couple of those table rules. Let's take a look at those.
Blackjack odds are almost always going to pay out at 3-2 or 6-5. If a player gets a blackjack on a $10 bet, the payout is going to be $15 on a 3-2 odd blackjack table. If surrendering is offered as a table rule, it will be defined somewhere. Make sure that you check this out cause it's a major advantage to the player.
Lastly, hard 17 or soft 17 table rule, this is also going to be defined on the table somewhere on the top or on a sign.
Now I've already discussed what a hard and soft hand is and I also explained to you that the dealer must draw till he reaches 17, so lets say that the dealer has an ace and a 6, this is a soft 17, does he stop play or does he continue to draw cards? If it's a soft 17 table, he will stop drawing cards on that hand, otherwise if it's a hard 17 table he will have to continue to draw cards until he reaches his hard hand.
This concludes the end of your blackjack tutorial training; I hope you've enjoyed the information that I've provided you and it helps you find your way on a blackjack table soon, with great success. Be sure to check out OnlineGambling for advanced playing techniques and make sure to have fun, play responsibly. Thanks for watching.
The rules of blackjack are fairly consistent across different variations of the game. There are subtle nuances, but the below basic set of rules will feature in some capacity across all games.
Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 foi lançado em 2020 e trouxe uma remasterização dos primeiros títulos da franquia para agradar saudosistas e atrair novos jogadores que estavam carentes de um game de skate. O jogo conta com segredos que vão desde a participação de atores famosos, personagens secretos e até batizado de manobras. Venha conferir 7 curiosidades e segredos de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2.
Máscaras fazem dos segredos e easter eggs de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 (Imagem: Reprodução / Activision)
Segredos Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2
O game foi produzido pelo estúdio Vicarious Visions e traz lembranças dos games antigos da série, faz referências ao mundo atual e apresenta outros easter eggs. Alguns desses segredos são fáceis de descobrir, enquanto outros exigem um pouco mais do jogador, contudo, com essa lista você descobre esses segredos sem sofrimento.
1. Máscaras e Covid-19
Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 além de trazer referências aos games clássicos, também apresenta menções ao período que vivemos.
A pandemia de Covid-19 é uma realidade e o jogo faz referências a ela. No cenário “School I”, na área próxima das piscinas é possível ver telões informando que a escola está fechada por questões sanitárias, mas que todos irão superar esse momento difícil.
No mapa “New York” acontece algo semelhante, enquanto informações sobre a importância do uso de máscaras e distanciamento social aparecem em intervalos de programas jornalísticos exibidos nos telões da fase.
A referência mais direta à pandemia está nos itens para customização do seu skatista. Afinal, é possível equipar uma máscara no seu personagem. Basta acessar o campo de itens de customização referentes ao rosto do personagem.
O uso de máscaras é um dos easter eggs de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 (Imagem: Reprodução / Activision)
2. Jack Black está presente no game
Embora o game conte com skatistas reais, o ator Jack Black conhecido por diversos filmes de comédia e também por seu trabalho como músico com a banda Tenacious D, faz uma aparição no game.
Em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2, o ator cede sua voz e aparência para o personagem secreto “Officer Dick”, um guarda/inspetor que pode te atropelar com um carrinho de golfe no mapa “School II”.
Jack Black em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 (Imagem: Reprodução / Activision)
Antes de receber a aparência de Jack Black o personagem tinha outro design e foi bem recorrente nos primeiros jogos da série.
Nós temos um guia de como liberar Officer Dick. Porém, prepare-se, pois a tarefa exige um pouco de dedicação, habilidade e persistência.
No vídeo abaixo é possível acompanhar parte do Making off da participação de Jack Black no game. Inclusive, é possível descobrir que o ator fez um comercial para a Activision em 1992.
3. O alien em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater
Alienígenas são um tema frequente nos games, principalmente na hora de fazer alguma brincadeira ou criar easter eggs marotos. Em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 não poderia ser diferente.
Neste game temos a ilustre presença de Alien Roswell, um alienígena que anda de skate. Seu nome é uma referência à cidade norte-americana de Roswell, onde teria acontecido a queda de um objeto voador não identificado em 1947. O caso ficou conhecido como “Incidente de Roswell”.
Alien Roswell em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 (Imagem: Reprodução / Activision)
Para desbloquear Alien Roswell, o processo é um pouco demorado, porém diferente do que acontece com Officer Dick, aqui o trabalho é bem mais fácil de ser feito. Basta encontrar todos os bonecos de pelúcia do alien espalhados pelas fases. Roswell começa o game com todos os pontos de status no máximo e conta com set de manobras bem único.
4. Referências ao legado da série
No cenário do Hangar há pôsteres de diversos games da franquia. É possível observar imagens como as capas de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 4, Tony Hawk’s Undergound, Tony Hawk’s: Proving Ground e até mesmo o logo da Neversoft, empresa responsável pelos primeiros títulos da série.
Referências a outros títulos da série Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater (Imagem: Reprodução/Activision)
5. Os “presidentes do skate”
No mapa secreto “Skate Heaven” existe uma versão alternativa do Monte Rushmore, famoso monumento dos Estados Unidos, que apresenta a imagem dos rostos de quatro presidentes norte-americanos esculpidos em uma montanha.
Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 conta com sua própria versão do monumento, com Tony Hawk, Bob Burnquist e Steve Caballero substituindo os presidentes.
O Monte Rushmore é um dos easter eggs de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 (Imagem: Reprodução / Activision)
No mapa “Skate Park” em Chicago, há pôsteres que fazem homenagem ao skatista Jeff Grosso, falecido em março de 2020.
No nível “School II”, o ginásio se chama “Matt Helsom Memorial Gymnasium”, em homenagem a Matt Helsom, artista da Vicarious Visions falecido em 2019, devido a um câncer no cérebro.
O nome do ginásio é um dos easter eggs de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 (Imagem: Reprodução / Activision)
7. Tony Hawk rebatizou uma manobra após quase 40 anos
Quem costuma participar de esportes, sabe que muitas vezes um novo truque pode surgir e rapidamente ser batizado pela comunidade, porém nem sempre pessoas envolvidas são creditadas corretamente.
Em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 uma dessas injustiças foi reparada. No skate existe uma manobra chamada “Mute Grab”. A primeira pessoa a realizar essa manobra foi o skatista amador Chris Weddle em 1981.
Desde o acontecido, a manobra recebeu o nome de “Mute”, por Chris ser lembrado como “Quiet mute guy”, algo como “o cara mudo e silencioso”. Afinal, a palavra “mute” em inglês significa mudo.
Durante o processo de produção do game, Tony Hawk conseguiu entrar em contato com Weddle e perguntou, se não gostaria de mudar o nome da manobra para que seu legado fosse honrado.
Chris Weddle explicou que naquela época, se tivesse a oportunidade escolher um nome para a manobra seria: “Deaf” ou “Weddle”, porque na verdade, Weddle é surdo, porém não é mudo.
Tony Hawk aceitou a sugestão e durante o processo de produção do jogo, o nome da manobra foi alterado de “Mute” para “Weddle”, o sobrenome de Chris, para valorizar a contribuição de Weddle para o esporte e corrigir uma informação incorreta por tantos anos.
A história pode ser conferida no idioma original no perfil de Tony Hawk no Instagram.
Chris Weddle (Imagem: Reprodução/ Tony Hawk/ Instagram)
Nestes tempos em que as pessoas precisam se importar com as outras, a atitude de Tony Hawk foi um bom exemplo.
Assim fechamos a lista. Viu alguma coisa que não foi citada? Comente aí.
Como desbloquear o Alien em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater
Aprenda a desbloquear Alien Roswell, o personagem secreto de Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 1+2 e conheça as habilidades do alienígena
Como jogar Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 [Guia para iniciantes]
Veja dicas de como jogar Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 1+2, saiba como evoluir seu personagem no game e atingir pontuações mais altas
Saiba todos os skatistas presentes em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2
Entre veteranos e novatos conheçam os skatistas presentes em Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2, o aguardado remaster da Activision
Todas as manobras de Tony Hawk’s Pro Skater 1+2 [Tricks List]
Conheça todas a manobras de Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 1+2 e veja quais movimentos retornam dos games originais para o remaster
Como desbloquear Officer Dick (Jack Black) em Tony Hawk's Pro Skater
Saiba como desbloquear Officer Dick, o personagem secreto da série Tony Hawk's Pro Skater, agora interpretado por Jack Black
Como jogar black jack
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Fashion trendsetting styles on Gawker
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Behind the scenes of “Sorry Not Sorry”
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Blackjack Game Rules
Posted by John Taylor on August 19, 2019
(An Ace and a King make a natural in the game of Blackjack)
Card Game Rules
Blackjack or Twenty-One is a casino type game where players bet against the dealer for hands as close to 21 as possible without going over.
For other casino type games, see our guides for Texas Hold'em Poker and Seven Card Stud Poker.
Rank of Cards
Cards from 2-10 are worth their face value. Face cards are worth 10. Aces are worth 11 or 1 depending on which is more advantageous to the hand.
At the beginning of the game, the dealer shuffles the pack of cards (normally more than one) and selects a random player to cut the deck. After the deck is cut, a plastic insert is placed randomly in the deck to designate a reshuffle. This limits the ability of card counters and makes the game more difficult to beat the dealer.
Players then make their bets on the round. The dealer passes out one card face up to everyone including themselves. Next the dealer passes out one card face up to all of the players and one card face down for their own hand.
If your hand is closer to 21 than the dealer’s, you win an equal amount to your bet. If your hand is equal to 21, it is called a “blackjack” or a “natural” and you automatically win 3:2 as long as the dealer does not also have a blackjack; If both you and the dealer have a blackjack, you push and no exchange of bets is made.
If the dealer’s hand is closer to 21 than yours, you lose your entire bet. If your hand becomes over 21 after a hit, it is called a “bust” and you automatically lose your bet, regardless if the dealer also busts.
If your hand and the dealer’s hand are equal, you do not win or lose anything.
How to Play
Players always go first in a game of Blackjack before the dealer reveals their faced down card. Before a player begins official play, however, they may opt to do either or none of two things: buy insurance or surrender. A player may buy insurance in case that the dealer has a blackjack. Insurance is equal to the bet initially made and is given back to the player if the dealer does in fact have a blackjack. Insurance should only be bought in the case that the dealer’s face up card is a 10, face card, or Ace. Additionally, a player may surrender their hand if they are confident that they will lose. Surrendering gives the player back half of their bet while the other half is given to the dealer.
Starting with the one to the dealer’s left, players try to get their hand closer or equal to 21 than the dealer’s, without going bust. This can be done by hitting, standing, splitting, and doubling down.
A player can choose to “hit” and request an additional card from the deck. Hitting can be signaled by saying “hit” or tapping the table.
A player can choose to “stand” and keep the original cards dealt. Standing can be signaled by waving their flat hand across their cards.
A player can decide to “split” their cards only if the cards originally dealt to them are pairs. Splitting turns the pair into two individual hands, each with their own bet equal to the player’s first bet. The dealer then deals them two additional cards to complete each hand and the player again has the options to hit, stand, split, or double down.
If a player is confident in their hand, they can decide to “double down” by doubling their initial bet. After the initial bet is made, the dealer gives them one more card after which the player must stand.
A list of places where you can play Blackjack online may be found here.
While the casino almost always has the advantage, players can adapt to a mathematically proven strategy, known as Basic Strategy, to increase their chances. Here are a few general rules to Basic Strategy:
- Never take insurance. For the most part it is not worthwhile. If the dealer does have a blackjack, you are better off taking the lost.
- Always double down if your initial cards are 9-11. In this scenario, an additional card will only help you get closer to 21 without busting.
- Always stand if your hand is 12-17+ and the dealer’s upcard is 2-6. In this scenario, the dealer will hit and either, hopefully, get a lower value than yours or go bust.
- Always hit if the dealer’s upcard is 7-A and your hand is either a 12-14 or an Ace/2-6. If the dealer has a 7-A, they are at the most advantageous and it is better to try your luck with an additional card.
- Always split if you have a pair of 2’s, 3’s, 6’s, 7’s, 8’s, or 9’s, and the dealer’s upcard is 2-6.
- Always split if you have 2 Aces.
Below is attached a Basic Strategy graph for a game of blackjack using 6 decks. You may also view the graph as well as other resources for playing blackjack here.
While Basic Strategy can improve one’s chances, it should be noted that even if someone follows Basic Strategy perfectly, they are not guaranteed a win.
While the standard game of Blackjack is one of the most popular casino games in the world, every casino has their own variations on key rules. This guide will discuss common ones but, a more comprehensive list may be found on pagat's article on Blackjack, found here
Dealer Hits on 17
For most casinos, dealers are supposed to automatically stand if their first two cards equal to 17. Some casinos, however, allow their dealers to hit on 17. On the table, it will say either H17, for hit on 17, or S17, for stand on 17.
Number of Decks
Casinos choose how many decks will be used in a game of Blackjack. The more decks used, the larger of an advantage the dealer has over the players. This is due to the increased difficulty for a player to count cards. Because casinos want their games to appear more favorable to the player, they might use fewer decks but, compensate the favorability by having stricter rules like requesting higher minimum bets.
While most casinos stick to the standard 3:2 payout for blackjacks, some opt for 6:5 payouts. This is a significant disadvantage for the player and it is advised to not play 6:5 blackjack.
If you want to know more about the world of gambling and casinos, check out this book by Hugh Miller here.
Interview with Inside the Casino
John Nielsen from Inside the Casino interviewed us during the summer of 2018. They know all about casino games and equipment and we were happy to talk with them about the playing card industry. You may view the interview here
Como jogar black jack
What do traditional blackjack and online blackjack players have in common? They both forget how to win at blackjack by repeating the same mistake. It’s actually the #1 mistake that blackjack players make – forgetting to follow basic blackjack strategy.
If you’re a real money blackjack player, please don’t make a bet before reading this article! In five minutes, you could be using the same techniques, betting strategies and card-counting secrets that blackjack card counters have used successfully for years to take millions of dollars home from major casinos.
Playing with perfect strategy is key to beating the house. It’s especially important when playing online blackjack. The biggest advantage comes from counting cards, but the way most online games are designed makes that impossible.
Any player who wants to get the edge over a casino needs to find the right table, the right bonus and promotional offers and then play with perfect strategy. That will give you an edge over the house, and over time that will turn into consistent profits.
The house has the advantage in blackjack because the player has to complete their hand first, which means they can bust out before the dealer even draws a card. That’s how the house maintains a small mathematical edge no matter how good the player is.
The player does have one advantage over the dealer, however the dealer must play their hand according to a fixed set of blackjack dealer rules that the player is privy to.
Knowing exactly how the dealer will act allows players to calculate the mathematically optimal play in any situation. A player who always makes the best possible play can whittle the house edge down to less than half a percent under the best possible circumstances.
Try our custom blackjack strategy calculator so you can play every hand perfectly! We have also created t hree custom-made, basic strategy cards that are provided for you free. To save, download or print our blackjack strategy chart (scroll down to see) click on the image. All charts are provided free of charge to blackjack readers!
Foundational blackjack strategy is all about knowing what move gives you the best chance of winning based on the cards you and the dealer are currently showing.
That’s a lot of information to memorize. Not only that, but the strategy also changes slightly depending on small tweaks to the rules and payout amounts of each table. Blackjack strategy cards simplify everything.
They’re basically a “cheat sheet” you can keep on hand to tell you what the best move is in any situation. The big advantage of playing blackjack online is that you can comfortably use these cards without worrying about casinos forbidding them or other players at the table getting irritated.
The key to becoming a winning blackjack player comes down to knowing probabilities and blackjack odds no matter what the situation is at the table.
As you can see in the chart below, your chances of busting goes up as your increased hand value grows.
It’s important to be aware of the odds for your own hand, but this becomes even more clear when you see what the dealer is showing. This is especially important when you take a look at what the probability is for the dealer to bust depending on their up-card.
Only paying attention to your own hand is a popular mistake because knowing the dealer’s probability of busting is just as important to know.
As you can see in the table above, you can calculate the dealer’s odds to bust depending on their up-card and depending on what you’re holding, so you can make the correct determination to increase your probability to win.
Some factors to consider when implementing your blackjack strategy…
If you want to have the best possible chance at winning money, what you need to do is identify the rules of the table you want to play at and get the blackjack strategy chart that is optimized for them.
Ensure you use the correct blackjack chart to determine the best possible chances of winning. Factors that can change blackjack strategy are:
- The number of decks used
- Whether the dealer stands on a soft 17 (a hand with an ace)
- If there are limitations on when the player may split or double
- Whether or not the dealer “peeks” to check for a blackjack
- Whether or not the player is allowed to surrender / early surrender
- If the player automatically wins (or gets a bonus) after drawing a certain number of cards
- How much is paid out for a blackjack
What is a Recommended Bankroll when Playing Blackjack?
It will depend on how long you plan on playing, as well as the variance of the game you’re playing. Rule of thumb is to bring at least 100 betting units (for a 4 hour session). So if your betting unit is $100, then bring $10,000.
One of the worst things you can do to yourself is under-fund at the table. You don’t want to be in the middle of a positive shoe and have a depleted bankroll! It’s recommended to bring more than you’ll need, rather than not having enough.
Blackjack Odds of Winning
As mentioned previously, the best possible house advantage you’ll usually see at blackjack tables is 0.5% or a little bit less, even with a solid understanding of basic blackjack strategy. However, it’s theoretically possible for blackjack to actually favor the player with the right rule sets. Certain rules actually add to the player’s expected return. These are collectively known as “liberal rules.”
So what exactly are liberal rules? The most liberal of the blackjack tables out there will do all of the following:
- Blackjack pays 3 to 2 (or 2 to 1)
- Use six decks or less
- No limit on doubling
- No limit on splitting hands
- Re-splitting aces is allowed
- Drawing to split aces is allowed
- Early or late surrender allowed
Single Deck Blackjack Strategy
With a single deck, early surrender and all of these other rules allowed, the player would actually enjoy about a 1% advantage over the house when playing with perfect strategy. Of course, casinos never offer tables that favor the player or tell them how to win with blackjack strategy cards.
Instead, they always arrange their combinations of rules and payouts in a way that they maintain at least a small advantage. When it comes to online casino blackjack games, their software provider usually configures the games to be sure they can’t accidentally tweak the rules to give the player an advantage.
Each of the rules listed above actually gives the player a small boost to their expected return. On the other hand, the rules listed below tweak the expected return in favor of the casino:
- Blackjack pays 6 to 5, 7 to 5 or even money
- Dealer hits on soft 17
- Player can only double on certain numbers (or no doubling)
- Player can only split to two or three hands (or no re-splitting)
- Doubling after splitting is not allowed
- Seven or more decks used
- House wins in the event of a push
There isn’t much standardization of blackjack odds because casinos are constantly mixing and matching these rules and payout amounts to try to create a profitable game that still appeals to players. A reasonable expectation of house edge for any given blackjack game you encounter at a casino is somewhere between 0.3% and 1%, however.
When to Hit or Stand in Blackjack
A blackjack strategy chart tells you exactly which plays to make based on what the dealer is showing, the cards you’re dealt, and the number of decks used in the game. If you take some time to examine the chart, you will notice that it is really quite simple to follow. Note: Always stand on a soft 18 or higher to increase your odds of winning.
Blackjack Card Values
The dealer only has 10 card values you need to track, ranging from the deuce to the ace. Because the 10 and face cards are each worth 10 points, you don’t have to differentiate between them. Whether you hit or stand depends on the total value of the cards in your hand, compared to the up card shown in the dealer’s hand.
Looking at the blackjack chart, the blackjack strategy card tells us to stand whenever you have 17 points or more in your hand, regardless of what the dealer is showing for an up card.
Reduce the value of your hand by one point to 16, and the chart says to stand when the dealer’s up card is a 6 or lower. It also says to hit if the dealer is showing a 7 or higher value card on the initial deal. The idea is to give your hand the maximum possible chance to win, versus the dealer’s highest potential hand. After all, the goal is not necessarily to get 21, but to beat the dealer in whatever way you can.
Blackjack Strategy Card Advantage Play
This is called an “advantage” because it literally means the player has gained a statistical mathematical advantage over the casino. This is why certain types of card counting systems are not allowed in casinos and famed card counters are regularly 86’d from any casino where they’re recognized by pit bosses or security guards.
Mastering the game of blackjack does not stop at just basic strategy. That only helps you choose when to hit or stand. Highly skilled 21 players know that splitting cards is a great way to maximize your profit potential. That’s especially true when the dealer’s up card suggests they have a relatively weak blackjack hand.
When playing 21, whenever you are dealt a pair, you have the option of betting an additional wager and splitting your cards to create two separate hands against the dealer’s one hand. The correct blackjack strategy will help you know the best times to split cards.
Splitting cards requires a disciplined approach to prevent breaking up strong hands—especially if the dealer is likely to have a weaker hand. If you have any pair of 10s, Jacks, Queens or Kings, the strategy chart says to leave them alone and force the dealer to beat you. Unless the dealer gets 21, you have a great chance of winning on the 20 points you got on the deal. So, you don’t want to split any pair of cards that shows a value of 20 points. Likewise, the chart says to always split a pair of Aces and a pair of eights, no matter what the dealer is showing.
Another good example is when you have a pair of nines—totaling 18 points. That’s a strong hand, but still weak when the dealer is showing a seven, Ace, or a card worth 10 points. In that case, you would split your cards and hope to improve at least one and preferably both hands. If just one beats the dealer, you get a push. If both do, you win a lot more cash.
A few scenarios where you should never split is when having a pair of 5’s or 10’s. You put yourself at a disadvantage splitting with 5’s because you can end up getting to 15’s, which you definitely don’t want to do. And you should never split 10’s since you have a very high probability of winning the hand with a 20.
Double Down Strategy for Blackjack
Another advanced blackjack strategy is the double down, which gives you a chance to double your wager and potential winnings after the initial deal. The idea is for you to lay an additional wager, but you can only get one more dealt card. With the double down, when the first two cards in your hand total 11 points, the strategy card says you should always double your wager. If the next card gives you 21 points, you likely will win.
When the Dealer is Showing an Ace, 10, or Face Card
When your hand totals 10 points and the dealer is showing a 10 or Ace, the strategy card says to simply take another card, rather than double down. That’s because the dealer easily could have 20 or 21 points, making it very difficult to beat. There is a high probability that the dealer will have a ten in the hole since there are four times as many ten-value cards in a deck than other cards.
Yet, if the dealer is showing a nine or lower card, and you have a hand worth 10 points, the double down is absolutely the right move. In fact, choosing to not double down in that situation would be the wrong choice.
That’s especially true when situated with an 11 off the deal and the dealer is showing a weak hand, because many cards worth 10 points remain in the deck. In such a case, not doubling down would be a big mistake, as you likely would win much more often than lose in that situation. Those who count cards in blackjack can find doubling down to be particularly useful.
Blackjack Surrender Strategy
Many casino games have a surrender play that cuts your potential loss in half after the deal. The surrender move is one that players find useful when dealt a poor hand, and the dealer is showing an Ace or card worth 10 points.
In that case, you can choose to surrender half your bet, though exactly when you can do this may vary between games. Some casinos allow an early surrender, which you do before the dealer checks to see if they have a blackjack. There is also the late surrender, which you can do after the dealer checks to see if he or she has 21.
Blackjack Surrender Rule
Knowing the right time to surrender requires using proper blackjack strategy. When playing a single-deck or double-deck game, the time to consider whether or not to surrender is when your initial hand totals between 15 and 16 points. If you have 15 points or 16 and the dealer is showing a hard 17 or more, the strategy says to surrender.
You would not surrender, however, if the dealer shows a soft 17 or lower hand. Yet, if you have 16 points, the strategy indicates you should surrender if the dealer is showing 10 or more points. Like all blackjack strategies, this also adjusts for the number of decks in use.
Additional Tips When Surrendering
- Most casinos that offer the surrender option don’t advertise it; therefore, don’t be afraid to ask the pit boss or dealer if it’s available.
- Don’t be phased if other players at the table look at you like you are from a different planet when you surrender.
Most players and even some casino employees think that giving up half of your bet and throwing away the hand is a bad play. Don’t pay attention to anyone, it’s your money — you’ll be making the correct play and saving more of your profits in the long run.
Blackjack Insurance Strategy
Another advanced play that can affect blackjack strategy is taking insurance to protect yourself against the dealer hitting 21. When the dealer is showing an Ace as the up card, you can lay up to half your original wager on whether or not the dealer has a 10-point card in the hole. If the dealer does have blackjack, then you get paid 2 to 1 on your insurance wager.
That means you don’t lose any money on that side bet. A lot of players of 21 will choose to buy insurance if they get a hand worth 19 or 20 points off the deal, but the dealer is showing an ace.
They view buying insurance as a way to protect a strong hand, but you still could lose both wagers, or wind up with a push and a loss. If your hand is worth 19 points, and the dealer has a 9 in the hole, you would lose your bet, as well as the insurance.
If you browse some strategy cards, you’ll notice that they incorporate almost every option available to the player: hitting, standing, doubling down, splitting and surrendering. You’ll have a hard time finding one that advocates taking insurance in any situation, however. That’s not an oversight insurance is almost never an option that favors the player. The only time it is useful is to card counters who are deep into counting multiple decks, a situation that is not accounted for by strategy cards.
Blackjack Card Counting Strategy
Card counting is a strategy that makes it possible to beat certain blackjack games if the conditions are right.
Movies often inaccurately portray this as memorizing every card that has already come out of the deck. While that might be possible with a single deck, it would take a savant to do this with the six or more decks commonly used at today’s blackjack tables.
There are actually a number of different count techniques, but the gist of all of them is to keep a count of how many high-value, middle-value and low-value cards have already come out. When lots of high-value cards are still in the deck, the player has a statistical advantage over the dealer, since their probability of hitting a natural blackjack is increased (which pays out more than a standard winning hand). They are also mathematically more likely to be successful when doubling down, and the dealer is more likely to bust when being forced to hit on a 12 or higher.
The most basic counting technique has players add one unit to the count for when a low card (2-6) comes out, and subtract one unit when a high card (10 and face cards) comes out. The 7 to 9 cards are considered neutral value and not tracked. As the count value gets higher, the player has more of an advantage and bets higher.
Other Card Counting Systems in Blackjack
There are more complicated counting techniques that are considered more accurate and profitable, but there is an increasing trade-off between tracking the count and continuing to play with the perfect strategy needed to make the system work. That’s only the case in games where strategy cards cannot be used, of course.
A card counter executing their count perfectly as well as playing with perfect basic blackjack strategy is estimated to have a 1% to 2% advantage over the house at most tables. Even with perfect play, it takes a large bankroll and sometimes many hours of play to see a significant profit from card counting.
Unfortunately, card counting is completely useless at video blackjack games (such as the ones seen on Game King machines), as well as the similar online counterparts. The virtual deck is “shuffled” for each new hand, so there is no point in tracking cards that have already been played.
Live video streaming blackjack creates an interesting possibility for card counting. Players can use strategy cards without detection to take some of the mental workload off, focusing solely on their count. They may also be able to use apps and software that aid in counting, though apps that interact directly with the casino software may be detected and get the player kicked out.
Blackjack Strategy FAQ
“Which house blackjack rules are the worst for the player?”
The absolute biggest player-unfriendly rule is when the house has the dealer win any sort of push. This can swing the house edge from 3.5 to 25% depending on how many types of pushes the dealer wins! You’ll almost never see any casino (either online or offline) allow dealers to win pushes, however. This rule is commonly referred to as the “House of God Advantage” as it’s most commonly seen in the charity blackjack games that churches sometimes run.
The biggest negative impact on the average blackjack game is caused by “short pays.” This is any table that pays less than 3:2 for a natural blackjack. Short pays increase the house advantage by anywhere from 0.5% to 2.25% depending on how bad they are.
Other bad rules include only allowing the player to double on 10’s or aces, disallowing doubling after splitting, and the dealer hitting on a soft 17 (also often collectively called the “Reno Rules” for their prevalence in that city’s casinos). Individually these rules each give the dealer about a fifth of a percent of an advantage, and all three together give the dealer about a full half of a percent.
Certain other rules have a negative impact, like not allowing the player to split beyond three hands, but they generally have a trivial impact on the house advantage in isolation.
Is card counting illegal?”
There are no government or state laws prohibiting card counting, including at online games. Some regions actually have laws preventing casinos from barring card counters, like Atlantic City and Mississippi.
However, outside of these odd exceptions, casinos are largely free to set the terms of their games and rules about player conduct. This means they are allowed to bar players they suspect of card counting. This won’t be an issue at most online casinos, since the video blackjack games cannot be counted. One might get in trouble for suspected card counting at a live video streaming blackjack game, however.
Casinos usually track card counters by their changes in bet size, especially as the shoe runs out. This means they need to monitor an extended period of play to determine if someone is actually counting cards. Once a card counter is identified and asked to leave a casino, however, they can expect that information to be shared with some amount of other casinos and to find themselves unwelcome at their blackjack games even if they have never played there before.
“Should you change your strategy for a blackjack tournament?”
You don’t deviate from the base strategy on your strategy card in a blackjack tournament, but you will change your betting patterns somewhat. You need to keep an eye on the chip piles of other players relative to your own, and also be mindful of how far along you are in the tournament to determine the best bet amount for any given hand.
There are a lot of layers to tournament betting strategy, and it’s too much to neatly summarize here. Some general tips are to match the biggest bettor when you are leading in chips, bet opposite of the leader when you are trailing in the chip count, and hold back one chip when everyone else goes all-in on the final hand.
“What is Wonging?”
“Wonging” is a card counting technique developed by university professor and professional blackjack player John Ferguson, who goes by the pen name Stanford Wong. This technique involves observing a table and keeping count without actually playing, then jumping in only when conditions are favorable. Some tables forbid new players from joining in the middle of a shoe specifically because of this technique.
“What is piggybacking in blackjack?”
It’s relatively rare, but certain blackjack tables allow people who are not at the table to bet along with the seated players. This practice is more common at smaller casinos that consistently have more demand for blackjack action than they do available table space. Online casinos rarely bother with this as a theoretically infinite amount of players can be accommodated at any time.
When piggybacking is allowed, the players who are not seated do not make any decisions about how the hand is played, but they are usually given the option to independently opt not to split or double when the player does. This creates an opening for teams of players to exploit certain hands to reduce the house edge, but casinos usually forbid this practice and will 86 anyone they suspect of doing it.
“Does the play of other players at the table influence strategy?”
Aside from the piggybacking examples mentioned above, no, not at all. There are some popular casino urban legends about how bad players can give the dealer an advantage, particularly those at the third position. These are nothing but misinformation and superstition.
“Do high rollers have any unique advantages at blackjack tables?”
Yes! Aside from getting better ongoing coupon and comp offers for their play, high rollers who become regulars at a casino can often negotiate a rebate percentage for all of their blackjack play. Rebates as high as 20% are not unheard of for the biggest players.
A player with a 10%-20% rebate (and a bankroll big enough to absorb variance) can actually give themselves as much as a 10% advantage over the house with perfect play and by betting very aggressively.
Blackjack Tips to Remember
It’s always important to remember that, while basic blackjack strategy is mathematically proven, there will be exceptions to the rules that are based on the conditions, the number of players, and the number of decks in use by the dealer.
Unlike many betting mechanisms, blackjack strategy is a proven system based on scientifically studying the statistics and probabilities behind every potential play.
That doesn’t mean every play will have a predictable outcome because luck always plays a role. Yet, when you use blackjack strategy correctly, you should find your losing streaks far less common and much shorter than when simply playing based on hunches or intuition.
Next time you decide to play blackjack while in Vegas, take a quick peak at this guide so you can increase your odds of winning!
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